AMD Ryzen 9 7950X review

AMD Ryzen 9 7950X evaluation

AMD Ryzen 9 7950X: Two minute evaluation

The AMD Ryzen 9 7950X is lastly right here, and it’s arduous to argue that this isn’t one of the best shopper processor ever made. 

It is a large declare, and with Intel Raptor Lake shortly approaching, we’ll know quickly sufficient if Workforce Blue goes to have the ability to counter a really resurgent AMD, however we’re not going to sugar coat it: AMD has set the bar very excessive with the Ryzen 9 7950X, and Intel goes to be arduous pressed to even preserve tempo with what this processor brings to the sport.

To start out, AMD used TSMC’s 5nm node to supply the brand new Zen 4 Ryzen 7000 collection chips, and the Ryzen 9 7950X is a 16-core, 32-thread beast with 80MB cache reminiscence and a lift clock nearby of 6.0GHz. 

What’s extra, not like Intel’s flip to large.LITTLE structure, all 16 of the Ryzen 9 7950X’s cores are full efficiency cores, so whereas Intel may be utilizing the Arm-pioneered efficiency core-efficiency core pairing, the Ryzen 9 7950X merely runs roughshod by duties, beating out nearly each different competing chip on the market, throughout each class.

Particularly, the Ryzen 9 7950X is definitely essentially the most important gen-on-gen efficiency leap in so long as we will keep in mind. Intel Alder Lake impressed us as a lot because it did as a result of it was coming after the quite ‘Meh’ Eleventh-gen Rocket Lake chips, which have been barely sufficient of an enchancment to warrant the refresh within the first place.

The AMD Ryzen 5000-series processors have been among the greatest processors ever produced, prime to backside, and the Ryzen 9 7950X looks like as large a leap as Intel Alder Lake was, however it’s as a substitute making the leap from a mountain prime quite than the boggy plateau of Rocket Lake and so it lands considerably farther out. It’s actually like AMD skipped the discharge of a whole processor technology and we’re getting this chip after the one we didn’t even notice that we didn’t get was skipped.

It might be too quickly to inform if AMD has lastly caught as much as Intel post-Alder Lake, however the Ryzen 9 7950X, together with the AMD Ryzen 7 7700X, is one hell of a gap salvo to kick off the following technology of processors.

AMD Ryzen 9 7950X: Worth & availability

(Picture credit score: Future)How a lot does it price? MSRP $699 (about £600 / AU$1,000)
When is it out there? September 27, 2022
The place are you able to get it? Accessible within the US (UK and Australia dates forthcoming)

The AMD Ryzen 9 7950X is on the market from September 27, 2022, with a US MSRP of $699 (about £600 / AU$1,000). AMD has not listed UK or Australian retail pricing, and we’ve reached out to AMD for clarification on when the brand new Ryzen 7000 processors will go on sale in these areas.

The Ryzen 9 7950X’s worth is $100 lower than the Ryzen 9 5950X’s, which is incredible, particularly with latest considerations about inflation. This additionally mildly offset’s the price of the improve to the brand new Ryzen 7000’s. That is additionally $110 dearer than the Intel Core i9-12900K, which has a US MSRP of $589 (about £500, AU$850). Is the Ryzen 9 7950X well worth the premium worth over the Core i9-12900K? We positively suppose it’s, however there’s no getting round the truth that that is nonetheless an fanatic chip, and it’s priced accordingly.

What’s extra, not like the Core i9-12900K, the Ryzen 9 7950X isn’t suitable with DDR4, so not solely will you want a brand new motherboard, you have to to purchase costly new RAM. It additionally has a a lot greater TDP, so should you have been bumping up in opposition to the boundaries of your energy provide, odds are good that you simply’ll want to purchase a kind of, too.

A chart showing the relative performance-to-price ratios of the Ryzen 9 7950X and competing chips

(Picture credit score: Future / InfoGram)

In lots of methods, apart from your graphics card, you actually are speaking a couple of substantial funding to improve to the AMD Ryzen 9 7950X. You may be higher off shopping for among the best gaming PCs preloaded with a Ryzen 9 7950X, relying on how a lot you find yourself needing to switch in your rig.

Nonetheless, this isn’t sudden or unreasonable, contemplating the age of the AM4 socket and the way Intel has equally shifted to the LGA 1700 socket for its Intel Alder Lake chips. On the plus aspect, should you had an AM4 cooling resolution, you possibly can nonetheless use it with the Ryzen 9 7950X.

All that stated, anticipate to spend a very good deal greater than $699 for this improve. Given the efficiency enhancements with the Ryzen 9 7950X, we positively suppose you’re getting far more worth on your cash than you’d with the Ryzen 9 5950X it replaces.

The AMD Ryzen 9 7950X may not be pretty much as good a “worth” proposition because the Ryzen 7 7700X, however it’s for sure a way more compelling processor than its predecessor. It is available in barely behind the Core i9-12900K on worth, however with rumors swirling in regards to the elevated costs of the Intel Raptor Lake processors due out quickly, it’s extra possible than not that the Ryzen 9 7950X will solely appear to be a greater worth as time goes on.  

AMD Ryzen 9 7950X: Chipset & options

An AMD Ryzen 9 7950X slotted into an AM5 socket

The Ryzen 9 7950X makes use of the brand new AM5 motherboard socket and chipset. (Picture credit score: Future)AMD lastly strikes on from AM4
PCIe 5.0 and DDR5 come to Ryzen PCs
Built-in dual-core RDNA 2 GPU

AMD Ryzen 9 7950X specs

Course of: 5nm
Socket: AM5
Cores: 16
Threads: 32
Base frequency: 4.5GHz
Enhance frequency: 5.7GHz
L3 cache: 80MB
TDP: 170W
PCIe: 5.0 x 24
Max RAM: 128GB Twin-Channel DDR5
Unlocked: Sure
Built-in Graphics: 2-core RDNA 2 GPU

The AMD Ryzen 7 7700X is a 16-core, 32-thread beast of a CPU, fabbed on a 5nm FinFET course of from TSMC that has been years within the making, however which appears to have been properly well worth the wait.

Most notably for the Ryzen 9 7950X, AMD 7000-series processors can now use each PCIe 5.0 and DDR5 RAM (the latter isn’t non-compulsory), which is one thing that Intel has been in a position to make the most of for practically a yr now for the reason that launch of Intel Alder Lake in November 2021. Sadly for Intel, simply having a platform for these two applied sciences doesn’t imply that buyers will have the ability to benefit from them, and Intel’s continued assist of DDR4 meant that many purchasers possible didn’t even benefit from considered one of Intel’s most unique options during the last yr.

With this processor launch, together with the AMD Ryzen 9 7900X, Ryzen 7 7700X, and Ryzen 5 7600X, Intel’s year-long unique compatibility with next-gen reminiscence, storage, and add-in playing cards has come to an finish, and it was barely in a position to benefit from its first-mover standing. You’ll nonetheless have to get an AM5 motherboard for the Ryzen 9 7950X, however you an nonetheless use the identical cooler you had on an AM4 board with the brand new AM5s. It may not be the most important financial savings, however any bit helps when doing a construct.

Shifting on to the precise chip itself, its 16 full-performance cores have a base clock of 4.5 GHz, with a lift clock of 5.7 GHz, which is sort of a full 40% sooner base clock in comparison with the Core i9-12900K’s efficiency cores, with a 12% sooner increase clock as properly.

In comparison with the Ryzen 9 5950X, there’s a related enhance in core speeds, with the 7950X’s base clock working about 32% sooner than the 5950X’s, whereas it’s increase clock runs about 16% sooner than the 5950X’s.

The connectors on the underside of the AMD Ryzen 9 7950X

(Picture credit score: Future)

There’s additionally assist for Intel’s AVX-512 instruction set, which is designed by Intel for high-performance computing and floating-point-compute-heavy purposes like video encoding, monetary companies, and simulation modeling.

Most fascinating to us although is that it’s also very helpful when doing ray tracing calculations. Throughout the Q&A session following the taping of the AMD Ryzen 7000 announcement on August 27, we requested AMD Company Vice President and GM for desktop PCs, David McAfee, and AMD’s Chief Expertise Officer and Govt Vice President of Expertise and Engineering, Mark Papermaster, if the inclusion of the AVX-512 instruction set on the Ryzen 7000-series would create a chance for good synergies between AMD’s 7000-series processors and its Radeon graphics playing cards when it got here to ray tracing efficiency.

“AI is discovering its manner into each utility and that does embody ray tracing, so you will need to simply deliver that effectivity [from the AVX-512 instruction set] into the CPU,” Papermaster advised us. “The CPU continues to be the vastly dominating engine within the trade the place inferencing is practiced, resembling the place you’re sharpening up photos, and definitely these play into an entire vary of purposes.”

“As as to whether we’ll see hybrid ray-tracing throughout AVX-512-based CPUs and Radeon GPUs,” McAfee added with amusing, “I can’t touch upon that proper now.”

Intel, in the meantime has killed off its assist for AVX-512 in Intel Alder Lake and Raptor Lake (it stated that since its effectivity cores couldn’t use AVX-512, misuse of the instruction set might result in errors so Intel dropped it from Alder Lake and Raptor Lake. 

This might give the Ryzen 9 7950X a key benefit in some choose purposes over the Thirteenth-generation Core i9-13900K, particularly in relation to content material creation and scientific analysis. Whether or not we’ll get any hybrid ray tracing options from pairing an AMD CPU and GPU togther is an open query, however the instruction set seems to already be paying dividends in no less than considered one of our efficiency benchmarks.

The Ryzen 9 7950X additionally has a inbuilt dual-core RDNA 2 GPU, so when you’re looking down a brand new graphics card on your construct, you possibly can nonetheless get by with the processor’s built-in GPU when you watch for some low cost graphics card offers to lastly come round.

AMD Ryzen 9 7950X: Efficiency

Finest-in-class efficiency
Runs circles across the Ryzen 9 5950X
Incredible vitality effectivity

The AMD Ryzen 9 7950X is AMD’s flagship fanatic processor and boy howdy does it ship. We’re speaking greatest at school efficiency throughout the board, from uncooked single and multi core efficiency – together with some jaw-dropping scores for a shopper processor – to content material creation and gaming.

If there’s a critique of the Ryzen 9 7950X, its that it actually is just too highly effective for most individuals, and so this can be a processor greatest reserved for professionals, hardcore players, and PC lovers who need to be on the chopping fringe of tech.

In lots of methods, evaluating this processor to the Intel Core i9-12900K additionally isn’t completely honest, as this chip’s actual rival is the forthcoming Intel Core i9-13900K, which must be launched someday within the subsequent month or so. Till we will sq. the Ryzen 9 7950X in opposition to Intel’s flagship Raptor Lake processor, it’s too quickly to say that the Ryzen 9 7950X is one of the best processor of the yr, however it’s with out query one of the best AMD processor ever made for the buyer market, and it’s not shut.

First, all the things with the Ryzen 9 7950X begins with its single core efficiency – which tops the Core i9-12900K, 2,064 to 2,018, in CineBench R23 – and solely will get higher from there.

The Ryzen 9 7950X’s CineBench R23 multi-core rating was a jaw-dropping 38,531, a 52% enhance over the Ryzen 9 5950X’s rating of 25,347. It’s dominating efficiency continues with GeekBench 5, the place the 7950X’s single-core rating of two,241 was a 30.8% enhance over the 5950X’s rating of 1,713. For the GeekBench 5 multi-core rating, the Ryzen 9 7950X clocked in at 22,167 in opposition to the Ryzen 9 5950X’s 13,975 – a staggering 60% enhance.

On the content material creation aspect of issues, the Ryzen 9 7950X outperforms the Ryzen 9 5950X by about 35% on common throughout our Adobe Photoshop, Adobe Premiere Professional, Handbrake, and Blender benchmarks.

It additionally beats out the i9-12900K by about 8.4% on common, which is essential provided that the i9-12900K is extensively see as one of the best processor for content material creation available on the market proper now.

A lot of the Ryzen 9 7950X’s benefit comes from the Blender benchmark, which checks a processor’s prowess at working the app’s Cycles rendering workload. Cycles takes benefit of the aforementioned AVX-512 instruction set, and so it chews by the work about 53.3% sooner on common than the Ryzen 9 5950X which doesn’t incorporate the AVX-512 instruction set.

The Intel Core i9-12900K falls significantly behind the Ryzen 9 7950X in Blender as properly, with the 7950X finishing the rendering workloads about 54% sooner on common. The i9-12900K does come out forward barely in video workloads like Adobe Premiere Professional and Handbrake, with the 7950X scoring a 1,216 in PugetBench for Premiere’s benchmark in opposition to the i9-12900K’s 1,253 – about 3% lower than Intel’s greatest. 

Likewise on Handbrake, the Core i9-12900K processed 83 fps whereas encoding 4K to 1080p on the quick preset in comparison with the Ryzen 9 7950X’s even 80 fps.

Lastly, in relation to gaming, the Ryzen 9 7950X isn’t one of the best gaming CPU, nevertheless it’s an in depth third behind the AMD Ryzen 7 7700X and AMD Ryzen 7 5800X3D. It’s specific efficiency vis a vis the 7700X and the i9-12900K will depend on the sport, and there’s no clear purpose why, say, Cyberpunk 2077 performs higher on an i9-12900K than a Ryzen 9 7950X, whereas the 7950X crushes the i9-12900K in Hitman 3, however averaging all of the benchmark scores out, and the Ryzen 9 7950X’s 325 fps is properly throughout the margin of testing error in opposition to the 7700X’s 335 common fps and the ryzen 7 5800X3D’s 328 common fps.

As an absolute verdict, the 7950X falls simply wanting being one of the best gaming or content material creating CPU, however with all the things else it brings to the desk, the AMD Ryzen 9 7950X is nothing wanting one of the best shopper processor on Earth proper now.

Do you have to purchase the AMD Ryzen 9 7950X?

Purchase it if…

Don’t purchase it if…

Additionally Think about

AMD Ryzen 9 7950X Closing Report Card

Whereas cheaper than the AMD Ryzen 9 5950X it’s changing, you’ll want to purchase lots of new {hardware} to make use of this chip, including to the expense. For the efficiency you’re getting, although, it’s price the additional expense.
4 / 5
Now with PCIe 5.0, DDR5 RAM, and a 5nm course of, that is the improve Ryzen chips have been needing desperately for the reason that launch of Intel Alder Lake.
5 / 5
Whereas it’d win each single class outright, the ryzen 9 7950X brings unbelievable efficiency throughout the board regardless whereas completely working away with the crown elsewhere.
5 / 5
Closing rating (common)
The AMD Ryzen 9 7950X’s mixture of phenomenal efficiency, DDR5 and PCIe 5.0 compatibility, and a very good worth makes this one of the best processor on the earth proper now.
4.67 / 5

First reviewed September 2022

How we take a look at processors

In relation to processors, we take a look at 4 key metrics: artificial single and multi-core efficiency, “basic” efficiency, inventive efficiency, and gaming efficiency.

Artificial single and multi-core benchmarks take a look at the efficiency of particular instruction units and processor operations like floating-point calculations utilizing benchmark instruments like GeekBench, Cinebench, and CPU-Z.
Normal efficiency is how the processor performs throughout typical use situations utilizing PCMark 10.
Artistic efficiency is a measure of how properly the processor performs in a number of standard inventive workloads like Handbrake, Blender, and Adobe Photoshop. The place doable, we explicitly disable GPU accelerated operations or take a look at rendering utilizing the CPU by itself.
Gaming efficiency measures how properly the processor calculates gaming operations like in-game physics by working a number of video games’ built-in benchmark instruments like CyberPunk 2077, Metro: Exodus, and F1 2022. In all circumstances, we run the benchmarks on the bottom graphics settings out there at 1080p and utilizing essentially the most highly effective graphics card now we have out there and with 32GB RAM to isolate the precise CPU operations we’re testing with out having to fret about inteference with extreme reminiscence or graphics administration.

As soon as that is executed, we common the scores throughout every class for a ultimate report card damaged down by use case, after which we lastly divide these scores by the processor’s MSRP to measure its performance-for-price to find out how good of a general worth the processor is for the common shopper.

Author: Randy Perez